Hemorrhoids are swollen veins located around the outside of the anus or in the lower rectum. The rectum is the last part of the bowel which leads to the anus, the opening at the end of the bowel where fecal matter leaves the body. Hemorrhoids can either be internal or external. Internal hemorrhoids develop within the anus or rectum. External hemorrhoids develop outside of the anus. Hemorrhoids are also known as piles. External hemorrhoids are very common and most troublesome. Hemorrhoids cause pain, severe itching, and difficulty sitting. Fortunately, they are treatable.Surgery to remove hemorrhoids is called a hemorrhoidectomy.
Everyone has hemorrhoidal tissue in this area which is made up of blood vessels, connective tissue, and some muscle. Its job is to protect the anal sphincter muscles (the ones that open and close your anus) and to help keep your anus closed when you have moments of increased abdominal pressure, like when you’re coughing. They become a problem for us when they get inflamed. Once this happens they’re known as piles.
Who needs this treatment?
Hemorrhoids very commonly affect 1 in 20 people of elders aged between 45-50 years. They are painful but not life –threatening.
What causes hemorrhoids?
- People often strain to make a bowel movement.
- Chronic constipation
- Sitting for long time especially in toilet
- Frequent itching
- Rectal pain
- Genetically from parent to child
Laser is one of the latest surgical tools available to a colorectal surgeon and is being used extensively in the management of haemorrhoids.Using the concentrated beam of light, surgeon can cut through problematic tissue and remove it without damaging surrounding tissue. At this time, the laser cauterizes blood vessels, sealing them off. This technique makes the procedure the most accurate and much quicker than traditional surgery.
ProcedureHe/she can go home the same day.
It is a painless treatment.
There are no cuts, stitches, wounds or dressings.
Patient can resume their routine diet and work within 1 or 2 days.
Prevention tips:1. Avoid straining during a bowel movement.
2. Increase your water intake.
3. Don’t sit for long periods, especially on hard surfaces like concrete or tile.
4. Consuming foods that are high in dietary fiber.